To be eligible for benefits, you must fulfill both the basic conditions and the work requirements.
The basic conditions mean that you have to:
- Be registered as a job seeker with the Swedish Public Employment Service.
- Be at the disposal of the labor market. This means that you intend to work and there is nothing to prevent this.
The work requirement means that you have worked before you registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service (Arbetsförmedlingen).
You fulfill the work requirement if you:
- worked 60 hours per month during 6 of the 12 latest calendar months, or
- worked 40 hours per month, in total 420 hours during 6 consecutive calendar months.
A maximum of 2 months of full military service and/or parental benefits can count as employment.
The membership requirement means that you have been a member of an unemployment insurance fund for at least 12 months. In order to be eligible for income based benefit you need to fulfill the membership requirement.
- Membership of an unemployment insurance fund starts as earliest from the months you apply.
- You can not be a member of an unemployment insurance fund once you turn 65 years old.
The idea of unemployment insurance is to replace lost income. Therefore, we need to know how much you have worked before you became unemployed. This period is called qualification time and is normally the most recent 12 months leading up to unemployment. Sometimes, we may extend this time frame by excluding a certain period, so-called excluded time (överhoppningsbar tid). This means that work performed longer than 12 months ago may be taken into account when calculating whether you have met one of our work requirements. If so, we would need documentation for longer than 12 months ago. This time period can only be extended to cover a period of a maximum of 5 years.
Some examples of when this period may be extended are:
- When you have been sick
- Care of your biological child prior to its 2nd birthday, care of an adoptive child during the child’s first 2 years with the family
- Time on paid parental leave
- Time spent receiving a careers allowance
- Time spent on full military service
- Time spent in full-time education (when preceded by at least 5 months of full-time work or if the studies are completed after you have turned 25 years of age).
Months that we cannot skip are always included in the qualification time. If you have not been working it is still important that you tell us about it.
Temporary rules within the unemployment insurance
According to temporary rules, the levels of benefit mentioned above apply between 13th April 2020 - December 2022.